Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs)

Published in Glossary

Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs)

In 1982, Sleeman and Brown reviewed Computer Aided Instruction (CAI) systems and identified an advanced type, which was named Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS). 

ITSs are computer-based systems and use the functionalities of Artificial Intelligence methods.  Their key element is their potential to provide user-adapted presentation of the teaching material (Vassileva, 1997).

ITSs create models for representing the pedagogical decisions and make inferences about a student’s mastery of topics in order to dynamically adapt the content or style of instruction (Wenger 1987).  It is argued that few ITS techniques are curriculum sequencing technology, intelligent solution analyses and problem solving support (Brusilovsky and Peylo, 2003).



  • Brusilovsky, P., and Peylo, C. (2003). Adaptive and Intelligent Web Based Educational Systems.International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education Vol. 13, 156-169.
  • D.H. Sleeman& J.S. Brown (1982). Intelligent Tutoring Systems: an overview. In Intelligent Tutoring Systems, eds D. Sleeman& J.S. Brown, Academic: London, pp1-11.
  • Vassileva, J.: Dynamic Courseware Generation. Journal of Computing and Information Technology 5 (1997) 87-102.
  • Wenger, E. (1987). Artificial Intelligence and Tutoring Systems. Los Altos, CA: MorganKaufmann.
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